[往期回顾-初中版] 各国送礼文化

2012-12-26 00:00:00来源:网络

背景知识:各国的送礼文化

中国是礼仪之邦,在中国传统文化中,礼文化及其所蕴含的礼制精神一直占据着核心地位。世界其他国家也都有着自己独特的送礼文化。

美国人对礼品主要讲究实用性和奇特性。如果能送一些具有独特风格或民族特色的小礼品,美国人会很喜欢。例如,我国产的仿兵马俑,在美国人心中就是一种难得的礼品。此外,包装礼品时不要用黑色的纸,因为黑色在美国人眼里是不吉利的颜色;给英国人送礼时,如果礼品价格很高,就会被误认为是一种贿赂。送一些高级巧克力、一两瓶名酒或一束鲜花,都能得到受礼者的喜欢。但要注意,最好不要送印有公司标记的礼品。

对于英国人来说,除非你跟他们很熟,否则不要送礼品,不然,他们会认为送礼的人很庸俗,是想得到他们的回报;法国人崇尚艺术,因此,所送礼品最好带有一些艺术性,如有特色的仿古礼品,他们就会很喜欢。如果应邀到法国人家中用餐,应带上几支不加捆扎的鲜花,但菊花除外;德国人很注意礼物的包装,礼品切勿用白色、黑色或棕色的包装纸或丝带包扎。如果礼品包装粗糙,他们会认为是不尊重人。另外,不要送尖锐的东西,因为德国人视其为不祥之兆。

一个理想的礼品对赠送者和接受者来说,都能表达出某种特殊的愿望,传递出某种特殊的信息,而真正了解不同国家的礼仪习惯,才能让这种信息传达得更为准确。

拓展阅读:

Little Tom down the street calls our dog "The keep dog". Zip is a sheep dog. But when Tom tries to say" sheep", it comes out "keep". And in a way Tom is right. Zip is always bringing things home for us to keep! I'll tell you about some of them.

Zip's first present was a shoe. It was made of green silk.

We didn't know how Zip found the shoe. But after a moment Mary, my big sister, told me the shoe had a strange smell. I nodded(点头)and held my nose. "What do you think it is?"

"It smells like something for cleaning. I think someone tried to clean a spot (污点) off the shoe. Then he put it at the door to dry."

"Along came Zip. And good-bye shoe!" I said. "We should take it back."

"We can't. " said my sister.

"Maybe little Tom is right," Mary said. "Maybe Zip is a keep dog!"

1. The writer and Mary didn't know______.

A. what Zip's first present was B. how Zip carried its first present home

C. who owned Zip's first present D. what Zip's first present was made of

2. Tom calls Zip "the keep dog" because ______.

A. the dog likes keeping things B. the dog likes playing with shoes

C. he doesn't know the dog's name D. he can't pronounce the word "sheep" well

3. What made the shoe strange was ______.

A. its color B. its smell C. its size D. that it was a silk one

4. Zip is always bringing things home for______.

5. Zip's first present was ______.

Key:

1. C

解析:Zip's first present was a shoe. It was made of green silk.一句告诉我们这第一件礼物的颜色种类质地,所以选C

2. D

解析:But when Tom tries to say" sheep", it comes out "keep".告诉我们是因为Tom不能正确读出sheep所以选D

3. B

解析:由于后文一直围绕鞋子的气味在讨论,所以选择B,而不是鞋子的size

4. us to keep

解析:Zip is always bringing things home for us to keep!原文

5. a shoe

解析:Zip's first present was a shoe.原文


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